L'historiographie rasûlide (Yémen, XIIIe-XVe siècle)

Abstract : Rasulid Historiography (Yemen, 13th-15th Century) Southern Arabia knew under the Rasulid Sultans an unprecedented flowering of historical works. Can we therefore speak of a true "Rasulid historiography"? Did this development result of the dynastic patronage, since the Rasulids did not hesitate to present themselves as a lineage of princes and scholars, who encouraged knowledge through the building of madrasas, the establishment of a huge library and the reception of scholars from around the world? This paper suggest a new reading of the chronicles and biographies written within the Sultanate from the late thirteenth to the early fifteenth century, with special attention to the author's intents as revealed by their prefaces and the general organization of their historical material. Beyond the visible rise of court chronicles, the emergence of biographical collections including the members of the State is the most original feature of this Rasulid historiography. The creation of a new literary composition, presenting in a parallel fashion the generations of guardians of the faith and of state servants, was undoubtedly aiming at legitimizing the lasting alliance between men of religion and state.
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Eric Vallet. L'historiographie rasûlide (Yémen, XIIIe-XVe siècle). Studia Islamica, JSTOR, 2006, 102-103, pp.35-70. ⟨hal-00289580⟩

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