Forestry Issues and Disputes in Provincial Regions During the 19th Century:The Example of the Lure mountains (France)

Abstract : The 19th century in France marked the veritable arrival of forestry management. Two important dates mark the advent of the organisation of the forest industry: first in 1824, with the creation of the Forestry School in Nancy, and then in 1827 with the adoption of a forestry code specifying to what extent the forests were to submit to the forestry regime. Through the 19th century, the forestry administration crystallised the resentment of village communities of the Lure Mountain through the increasingly strict management established over activities linked to the forest. Almost all foresters throughout the century, with a few exceptions (Kalaora, Savoye, 1991) , claimed they were the ones who knew the truth and represented collective interests against local populations that they judged to be ignorant and not very concerned with the future. The policy of Restoration of Mountain Terrain (RTM) that was put in place in the Lure region near the end of the 19th century marks the outcome of such a process. It reflects the power of the centralised body of forestry engineers over forest management in France and the decline of local communities, weakened by a massive rural exodus and by a succession of economic crises. The forest space therefore crystallises through these decades of dispute between local and central power.
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Simon Laurent, Vincent Clément, Pierre Pech. Forestry Issues and Disputes in Provincial Regions During the 19th Century:The Example of the Lure mountains (France). Journal of Historical Geography, Elsevier, 2007, 33, pp.335-351. ⟨hal-00295140⟩

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