Le marché des épices d'Alexandrie et les mutations du grande commerce de la mer Rouge (XIVe-XVe siècle)

Abstract : The history of Alexandrian trade has until the now been almost entirely written as part of Mediterranean history. This paper intends to set it in a different framework, that of the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. The study of two well documented periods of high pepper prices in 1347-1348 and 1412-1419 can shed some light upon the changing conditions of supply to the Alexandrian market at the end of the Middle Ages. Between the two periods the structures of exchange had radically altered. While the crisis of 1347-1348 came out of the old Karim system that had linked 'Aydhâb and Aden since the 11th century, the crisis of 1412-1419 revealed the new role acquired by Mecca in the trade of Indian goods. This shifting of the pepper route explains the new importance of the towns and ports of Syria in the sale of spices as from the first half of the 15th century and the gradual loss of the Alexandrian monopoly in these commodities.
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Eric Vallet. Le marché des épices d'Alexandrie et les mutations du grande commerce de la mer Rouge (XIVe-XVe siècle). édité par Christian Décobert, Jean-Yves Empereur et Christophe Picard. Alexandrie médiévale 4, Centre d'Etudes Alexandrines, p. 213-228, 2011, Etudes Alexandrines 24, 978-2-11-128614-6. ⟨hal-00692344⟩

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