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La industria ósea de los cazadores-recolectores: el caso de los nómadas marinos de Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego

Abstract : In Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, hunter-gatherer equipment made on hard materials of animal origin carries exceptional research potential, both because it lasted without major changes for thousands of years to the dawn of the twentieth century, and because it was made of a wide variety of materials from terrestrial, marine and avian animals. For various reasons, archaeological and ethnographical evidence of this bone industry is more abundant among seafaring nomads of the interior seas, fjords and channels of the Pacific coast than among terrestrial hunters of the Atlantic steppes The osseous industry of the Canoero Indians (in canoe) is at the heart of this study. It is based on the most recent methodological and practical advances on bone technology research, which greatly developed in the last decades in Europe, especially through the Prehistory teaching program at the University of Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne. Beyond revising the typology, a bone technology approach is developed: Five sequential reduction schemes referring to different production methods are identified based on mammal bone artifacts and related remains; four are “débitage” (partitioning, segmentation, fracture, extraction) and one is linked to shaping (“façonnage”). The characteristics and constrains of marine mammal bone manufacturing are discussed as well as the preferential selection of guanaco leg bones. This choice of raw material is common to all hunters of artiodactyls. This research opens up new perspectives on cognitive potential provided by the analysis of hunter-gatherers’ bone industry from the southern tip of America.
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https://hal-paris1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03282211
Contributor : Marianne Christensen <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 11:39:09 AM
Last modification on : Friday, July 30, 2021 - 3:38:14 AM

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Marianne Christensen. La industria ósea de los cazadores-recolectores: el caso de los nómadas marinos de Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego. Universidad de Magallanes. 2016, Poblamiento Humano de Fuego-Patagonia, 978-956-7189-73-1. ⟨hal-03282211⟩

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