A. Masahiko, Information, Incentives, and Bargaining in the Japanese EconomyMarkup Pricing and Monetary Policy: A Reexamination of the Effectiveness of Monetary Policy Under Imperfect Competition, Monetary and Economic Studies, 1988.

B. Taimur, B. Anindya, and &. , Understanding the Costs of Deflation in the Japanese Context Industry structure and the dynamics of price adjustment Inflation and measures of the markup, IMF Working Paper 03-215 BANERJEE Anindya & RUSSELL Bill, pp.33-48, 2001.

B. F. Giavazzi, Macroeconomic Effects of Regulation and Deregulation in Goods and Labor Markets, Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol.118, issue.3, pp.879-907, 2003.

B. F. Katz-l, What We Know and Do Not Know About the Natural Rate of Unemployment, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol.11, issue.1, pp.51-72, 1997.

B. Kiyotaki-n, Monopolistic Competition and the Effects of Aggregate Demand, American Economic Review, vol.77, issue.4, pp.647-66, 1987.

C. Nicolas and &. Lechevalier-sébastien, Prices, Wages and Markups: An Analysis of the Deflation in Japan, 2007.

C. , L. E. , and T. Mark, Is Japan Really Changing Its Ways? Regulatory Reform and the Japanese Economy, 1998.

C. Lynne and &. , Australian Wage and Price Inflation: 1971-1994 Research Discussion Paper n ? 9509, Reserve Bank of Australia, Threshold Effect in the Productivity of Public Capital, 1995.

D. Sabien, Estimation of Price-Cost margins and union bargaining power for Belgian manufacturing, International Journal Of Industrial Organization, vol.22, 2004.

G. Hans, &. Laurent, and L. , Wage-Price Dynamics and Deflation in Hong Kong, 2004.

E. Hansen-bruce, Threshold effects in non-dynamic panels: Estimation, testing, and inference, Journal of Econometrics, vol.93, issue.2, pp.345-368, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-4076(99)00025-1

H. Christophe, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper n ? 3808 A Fifty Year History of Industry and Labor in Postwar Japan, Network Effects of the Productivity of Infrastructure in Developing Countries KOSHIRO Kazutoshi Japanese Economy & Labor Series n ?, vol.6, 2000.

L. Assar, &. Snower-dennis, and J. , The Insider-Outsider Theory of Employment and Unemployment, 1988.

M. Oliveira, S. Stefano, and &. Dirk, Markups behavior, Market structure and cycle, OECD Economic Studies n ?, vol.27, 1996.

M. Ronald and &. Ohno-kenichi, The Foreign Exchange Origins of Japan's Economic Slump and Low Interest Liquidity Trap, p.24, 2001.

M. Motohiro and &. Peter, Effects of the Use of Contingent Workers on regular Status Workers : A Japan -US Comparison, Paper presented at the 12th IIRA World Congress, 2000.

N. Kiyohiko, G. Nakajima-takanobu, and &. Kiyota-kozo, Does natural selection Mechanism Still Work in Severe Recession? ? Examination of the Japanese Economy in the 1990s, Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol.58, issue.1, pp.53-78, 2005.

P. Xu, Bankruptcy Resolution in Japan: Civil Rehabilitation vs. Corporate Reorganization, RIETI Discussion Paper Series, pp.4-010, 2004.

P. Peter, C. B. Moon-hyungsik-roger, and R. W. , Linear Regression Limit Theory for Nonstationary Panel DataCan Imperfect Competition Explain the Difference between Primal and Dual Productivity Measures? Estimations for U.S. Manufacturing, Econometrica Journal of Political Economy, vol.67, issue.13 2, pp.1057-1112, 1995.

S. Gary, Good Deflation/Bad Deflation and Japanese Economic Recovery, Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series n ?, vol.104, 2005.

S. John, Market Share Dynamics and the 'persistence of leadership' debate, American Economic Review, 2007.

W. Dominic, Japan's Slow-Down: Monetary versus Real Explanations, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, pp.16-18, 2000.