Transformations sociales en banlieue rouge. Politiques locales, stratégies résidentielles et inscription territoriale des classes moyennes

Abstract : The red suburbs are a belt of municipalities surrounding Paris that have been conquered by the Communist party from the 20’s. For a long time, they have been characterized by social redistribution policies in favour of the working class, especially in the housing field. Since the 70’s, the red suburbs have known intense economic and social transformation that destabilized the municipal communism. This thesis deals with the interactions between local housing policies in the red suburbs and residential strategies and territorial integration of middle classes, in a socio-spatial context where they are in minority. Since the 80’s, social mix is a main objective of local housing policies in the red suburbs; those municipalities chose to diversify the housing stock, within the social housing stock, but also in developing private houses. The will to attract and stabilize middle classes contends with the necessity of offering dwellings to working classes and destitute populations. This thesis shows that communist municipalities still distinguish themselves by a strong regulation and by innovative practices in the housing policies field. The field survey with middle classes in two municipalities (Bagnolet, Saint-Denis) allows to moderate the role of economic constraints in their residential strategies : settling in the red suburbs give them opportunities to satisfy their aspirations about the dwelling but also about the residential neigbourhood. Furthermore, some households show a preference for working class districts, and have a positive attitude towards social mix. In some cases this goes with personal commitment in direction of destitute populations. Some others are more reserved towards social mix, and use territorial conquest strategies, or choose to leave the red suburbs in direction of more wealthy districts. We analyze the functioning of local anchorage and of the attitude towards social mix of middle classes, in relation with their social and residential trajectories.
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Lina Raad. Transformations sociales en banlieue rouge. Politiques locales, stratégies résidentielles et inscription territoriale des classes moyennes. Géographie. Université Paris 7 Diderot, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01114169⟩

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