Des femmes sur le devant de la scène : modalités, contextes et enjeux de l’exhibition des femmes dans les spectacles à Rome et dans l’Occident romain, de César aux Sévères

Abstract : Analyzing the Roman performances of theatre, amphitheatre and circus in a social history approach makes it possible to understand them as a structuring element of Roman culture and society and as a time-space of public life through which it is possible to observe in a privileged way this society, the different groups that compose it and the relations that are formed between them. These spectacular performances took place within the framework of large public celebrations (the ludi and munera) and occupied an ambiguous place in Roman society. Despite their growing success and major role in public life, they were morally denigrated. They were therefore accessible to women because strictly separated from the civic sphere. Women could not only attend but also perform, giving them exceptional visibility in the public space. The practices of exhibition in perfonnances, attested by both literary and epigraphic sources, reveal the contradictions of Roman society: despite their discredit, they provided individuals, according to their status, with a significant source of income and a major media tool. The exhibition of women in Roman shows gives a glimpse of their place in this society. In the continuity of studies on women and gender, it is not a question of disconnecting women's history from that of men and the rest of society, but of studying mixed social practices by specifying the place that women occupied in them and the significance of their integration into these practices.
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Agathe Migayrou. Des femmes sur le devant de la scène : modalités, contextes et enjeux de l’exhibition des femmes dans les spectacles à Rome et dans l’Occident romain, de César aux Sévères. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Università degli studi La Sapienza (Rome), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA01H030⟩. ⟨tel-02013490⟩

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