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La responsabilité des intermédiaires en droit d'auteur : étude de droit comparé

Abstract : Primary infringers of copyright often remain anonymous on the Internet. Hence, copyright holders have turned their focus towards intermediaries in order to obtain the blockage of infringing content or damages. There is, however, not one single legal basis for their claims. "Intermediaries' liability" rather consists of different provisions, some at international or European, some at national level. This thesis shows that the legal regime of intermediaries' liability consists of three main pillars: primary liability for communicating a work to the public (art. 3 of the lnfosoc-Directive), secondary liability for violating a duty of care (national law) and (blocking) injunctions (art. 8 § 3 of the Infosoc-Directive). Their interpretation by the CJEU and their national implementations are, however, not adapted to one another. After examining the legal regimes in the European Union, France, Germany and the United Kingdom, the present thesis thus suggests a restructured system following an economic approach. It focusses on the intermediary's proximity to the primary infringement. Platforms that build their operating principles upon illegal actions of their users and exploit these infringements are close enough to the illegal contents. Their actions are hence considered a communication to the public. Intermediaries that operate desirable business models can, on the other hand, only violate copyright on a secondary level by infringing duties of care. These duties typically arise within a "notice and take down" or "notice and action" procedure. Thirdly, intermediaries that merely provide the Internet infrastructure can only be held accountable by the means of injunctions.
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Laura Jones. La responsabilité des intermédiaires en droit d'auteur : étude de droit comparé. Droit. Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne; Ludwig-Maximilian-Universität München, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02904238⟩

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